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A new study performed in Sweden is suggesting that regardless of what the scale says, being out of shape may increase diabetes risk.

For some Americans, being “skinny” means that they are in shape, or healthy. For example, how often have you heard people elude to the fact that person X must be in good shape just because he or she is skinny? When in reality that skinny person may have a poor physical fitness ability.

Type 2 Diabetes is a medical condition in which 3 million new cases arise in the US each year. A person suffering with Type 2 Diabetes has a body which creates insulin, but cannot use the insulin well. In medical terminology this is called insulin resistance. A diagnosis for Type 2 Diabetes has to be done and confirmed through testing by your doctor.

Causes of Type 2 Diabetes can be the result of too much glucose from the liver, obesity (or being overweight), genes, or metabolic syndrome. All of these things can increase a person’s chances of developing Type 2 Diabetes.

According to news reports, the Swedish study looked at the data of over one million 18 year olds who enlisted in the military. The conscripts did not have a prior history of diabetes. Based on the data analyzed from the study the level of activity is an important factor in physical fitness, with the least fit military conscripts being three times more likely to develop diabetes later in life than those conscripts with better measures of aerobic capacity and strength.

Although your genetic makeup, which you have no control over, can play a role in how you develop physically, the level in which you exert energy in physical fitness activities is something that you can control.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that adults get 150 minutes of aerobic exercise a week and use two days a week for some muscle building activity. In addition, the CDC recommends that children should get about 60 minutes a day of aerobic exercise a day, with muscle training being part of the exercise three days a week.

The supporting article for this post can be found HERE.